A test plan is a detailed document that outlines the test strategy, Testing objectives, resources (manpower, software, hardware) required for testing, test schedule, Test Estimation, and test deliverables.
The test plan serves as a blueprint to conduct software testing activities as a defined process which is minutely monitored and controlled by the test manager.
Importance of Test Plan
Making Test Plan has multiple benefits
Test Plan helps us determine the effort needed to validate the quality of the application under test
Help people outside the test team such as developers, business managers, customers understand the details of testing.
Test Plan guides our thinking. It is like a rule book, which needs to be followed.
Important aspects like test estimation, test scope, Test Strategy are documented in Test Plan, so it can be reviewed by Management Team and re-used for other projects.
How to write a Test Plan
You already know that making a Test Plan is the most important task of Test Management Process. Follow the seven steps below to create a test plan as per IEEE 829
Analyze the product
Design the Test Strategy
Define the Test Objectives
Define Test Criteria
Plan Test Environment
Schedule & Estimation
Determine Test Deliverables